In 1965, fossils of Yuanmou Man were discovered in Yuanmou County, Yunnan Province. Yuanmou Man, who lived 1.7 million years ago was the first Homo erectus ever found within the boundaries of China.
Lasting from the 11th century BC to 771 BC, the Western Zhou Dynasty was established by King Wu. The capital city was set in Haojing (now in the southern part of Xian, Shaanxi Province). This dynasty included the reigns of 13 emperors and played a very important role in Chinese history.
The Zhou Dynasty originated from the Zhou clan whose existence stretches back into history. By the 11th Century BC, this clan had become increasingly powerful and had extended throughout the present Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces.
Originally a tribe living in the lower regions of the Yellow River during the Xia Dynasty (21st - 17th century BC), Shang Dynasty was established by King Tang in 1675 BC after overthrowing the tyrannical rule of Jie, (Xia's last emperor).
The establishment of the Xia Dynasty (21st - 17th century BC) is an important milestone in the history of Chinese civilization and marks the end of the Primitive Society and the beginning of the Class Society. It is the first dynasty in Chinese history, and lasted nearly 500 years including the reigns of 17 emperors.
The death of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is a big mystery. It is known that he died in 210BC in Shaqiu Palace (in today's Guangzong County, Xingtai City, Hebei Province), but no further explicit record can be found.
For a long period time, people have been puzzled by the origin of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. According to the Historical Book, the natural father of the first emperor was Lu Buwei, not King Zhuangxiang of Qin.
There is a grand building that locates in the east side of Tian’anmen Square and stands far apart facing the People's Congress Hall. The building is called Chinese History Museum and China Revolutionary Museum. It was started to build on 1958 and completed on 1959, which is one of the Ten Great Buildings as contributions to 10th Anniversary of the National Day.
The foundations of Chinese society are linked to the mythical Three Sovereigns (San Huang) – aka the Three August Ones – and the semi-mythical Five Emperors (Wu Di) who ruled China during the period immediately prior to the first historically recorded dynasty
Empress Wu Zetian (624-705 AD) of the Tang dynasty (618-907 AD) was the first empress in Chinese history. With outstanding political views and intelligence, she ascended the throne after years of effort and ruled the country for over half a century. Under her reign, the empire’s prosperity reached its peak and people lived in peace.
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