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Spring Festival - Traditional Chinese Festivals
2017.11.2331
The Spring Festival is a traditional cultural circle Chinese characters on the lunar new year, known as "new year", the traditional name for the new year, but also called the degree of verbal and celebrate the new year, Chinese New year.  Chinese people have more than 4000 years of history during the spring festival. In modern times, the Spring Festival is scheduled for the 1th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar, but generally at least to the fifteen (Spring Festival) new year is over, in the folk, the Spring Festival is a traditional sense from the twelfth lunar month the Greek Festival or the twelfth lunar month twenty-three or twenty-four people, until the nineteen.
During the Spring Festival, Chinese Han people and some ethnic minorities held various celebrations. These activities are to worship ancestral gods, worshiping ancestors, Fu Ying Hei then, pray for a good harvest as the main content, form rich and colorful, with strong ethnic characteristics. Influenced by Chinese culture, some countries and peoples belonging to the Chinese character cultural circle also have the custom of celebrating the spring festival. On the day of the Spring Festival, people come back home as much as possible to be together with their family members, expressing their eagerness for the coming year and the good wishes for the new year.
 
The Spring Festival is the most solemn traditional festival of the Chinese nation. It is also an important carrier for the Chinese people to release their emotions and meet their psychological demands. It is the annual carnival and the eternal spiritual pillar of the Chinese nation. The Spring Festival, Tomb Sweeping Day, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid Autumn Festival are called the four traditional festivals in china.
On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba porridge, a delicious kind of porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans, longan and gingko.
The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. At this time, people offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to enjoy themselves.
After the Preliminary Eve, people begin preparing for the coming New Year. This is called "Seeing the New Year in".
 
Store owners are busy then as everybody goes out to purchase necessities for the New Year. Materials not only include edible oil, rice, flour, chicken, duck, fish and meat, but also fruit, candies and kinds of nuts. What's more, various decorations, new clothes and shoes for the children as well as gifts for the elderly, friends and relatives, are all on the list of purchasing.
 
Before the New Year comes, the people completely clean the indoors and outdoors of their homes as well as their clothes, bedclothes and all their utensils.
 
Then people begin decorating their clean rooms featuring an atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity. All the door panels will be pasted with Spring Festival couplets, highlighting Chinese calligraphy with black characters on red paper. The content varies from house owners' wishes for a bright future to good luck for the New Year. Also, pictures of the god of doors and wealth will be posted on front doors to ward off evil spirits and welcome peace and abundance.
 
The Chinese character "fu" (meaning blessing or happiness) is a must. The character put on paper can be pasted normally or upside down, for in Chinese the "reversed fu" is homophonic with "fu comes", both being pronounced as "fudaole." What's more, two big red lanterns can be raised on both sides of the front door. Red paper-cuttings can be seen on window glass and brightly colored New Year paintings with auspicious meanings may be put on the wall.
 
People attach great importance to Spring Festival Eve. At that time, all family members eat dinner together. The meal is more luxurious than usual. Dishes such as chicken, fish and bean curd cannot be excluded, for in Chinese, their pronunciations, respectively "ji", "yu" and "doufu," mean auspiciousness, abundance and richness. After the dinner, the whole family will sit together, chatting and watching TV. In recent years, the Spring Festival party broadcast on China Central Television Station (CCTV) is essential entertainment for the Chinese both at home and abroad. According to custom, each family will stay up to see the New Year in.
 
 Waking up on New Year, everybody dresses up. First they extend greetings to their parents. Then each child will get money as a New Year gift, wrapped up in red paper. People in northern China will eat jiaozi, or dumplings, for breakfast, as they think "jiaozi" in sound means "bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new". Also, the shape of the dumpling is like gold ingot from ancient China. So people eat them and wish for money and treasure.
 
Southern Chinese eat niangao (New Year cake made of glutinous rice flour) on this occasion, because as a homophone, niangao means "higher and higher, one year after another." The first five days after the Spring Festival are a good time for relatives, friends, and classmates as well as colleagues to exchange greetings, gifts and chat leisurely.
 
 Burning fireworks was once the most typical custom on the Spring Festival. People thought the spluttering sound could help drive away evil spirits. However, such an activity was completely or partially forbidden in big cities once the government took security, noise and pollution factors into consideration. As a replacement, some buy tapes with firecracker sounds to listen to, some break little balloons to get the sound too, while others buy firecracker handicrafts to hang in the living room.
 
The lively atmosphere not only fills every household, but permeates to streets and lanes. A series of activities such as lion dancing, dragon lantern dancing, lantern festivals and temple fairs will be held for days. The Spring Festival then comes to an end when the Lantern Festival is finished.
 
China has 56 ethnic groups. Minorities celebrate their Spring Festival almost the same day as the Han people, and they have different customs.
Last : Lantern Festival

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